AR verb conjugation :)

Verb conjugation is one of, if not the most difficult part of learning Romance Languages.  As such, I am trying to introduce them to the students now, so that the concepts are not entirely new for them when they are older.  First up, we have to look at the pronouns in Spanish.  Then we have to look at the verb endings that go with the different subject pronouns.  Then, we can try to match the verb “stem,” which tells us the action that is happening with the ending that matches the subject.

For example

In Spanish we have the verb hablar, which means “to speak.”  In English, we don’t walk around saying “I to speak. She speak. We speaks.  He speaked French.”  While we might still be understood, there is a good chance we will not be understood, or not taken seriously.  In Spanish we have a similar process.

Yo is the pronoun that means “I.” The regular verb when talking about yo is -o.
I take the verb hablar, and I take off the -ar ending.  This leaves me with the stem habl, which stays consistent.  Then, I add the ending -o to give me the verb hablo, which means “I speak.”

In 4th grade we are looking at the yo, tú, él, ella forms of the verbs (I, you, he she)

In 5th grade we are adding the nosotros/nosotras (we) ellos/ellas (they)

In 6th grade we will be taking it a few steps further with some irregular verbs, and maybe the -er and -ir verbs.


To start us off, let’s practice these quizzes from Sporcle, going in order


Subject pronouns

AR verb endings

Conjugate the verb actuar

Conjugate the verbs dibujar and comparar

Spanish to English translation of several verbs

Verb vocabulary list

¡Buena suerte! And remember, this is difficult.  I’m teaching this now, so that by the time you’re at TA it’s not completely new and challenging.





19 octubre 2015

The students in the upper grades (5-6 at TES) are continuing their work with the verbs ser/estar, both meaning “to be.” On Monday we are compiling lists of adjectives that can be used to describe a person. We are breaking them into different categories (personality traits, physical traits, nationalities, occupations, state of being, emotions). We will be doing this by using a couple of useful online resources: and While Wikipedia can be hit or miss on the factual information, it can be a very useful tool for translating proper nouns like city names. To do this, I recommend that you type in the name in English in the Wikipedia search, then on the left hand side if using a computer, and on the bottom if using a mobile device, you will see either other languages listed, or a button “read in other languages.” By choosing the target language you will see the name of the person place or thing in your target language!

Primeras semanas de octubre

In the younger grades we are reading books, learning how to introduce ourselves, colors, shapes, sizes, numbers and other basics. Have your kids shared this with you? Resources can be found in the different sections of this page.

In 3-4 we are talking about body parts, and the verb “tener” meaning “to have.” We have been learning how to say things like “I have ten fingers,” “I have two big brown eyes,” or “I don’t have three long purple tails.” The expectation is sentences like the first one, but to encourage further learning, we are also looking at the last two types of sentences. In the next couple of weeks the students will start working on projects to show what they’ve learned.

In 5-6 we have been talking about one of the most difficult things in Spanish, the verb “to be.” In Spanish there are two verbs for this, “ser” and “estar.” We’ve been discussing when you use each verb, and how to conjugate them, making this a challenging unit. In the next couple of weeks we will be starting to write skits to show what we’ve learned so far.

Duolingo updates, 5 October 2015

I would like to add each of you as my students on Duolingo.  It will allow me to see which skills you have completed, in any language you choose to study.  Please find your current grade, click the link and then log in to your Duolingo account.  If you have more than one, please log in with the account you would like me to be able to see.


Thetford 4th graders

Thetford 5th graders

Thetford 6th graders

Newton 6th graders

Newton 7th graders

Newton 8th graders

17 septiembre

Over the last few weeks the older students have been focusing on numbers.  In 3rd grade we have been working on number recognition in Spanish, trying to recognize the numbers without counting up each time.  In 4th grade, we have tried some of the same, but looking at larger numbers as well.  In 5th and 6th we have been working on saying, listening to and reading the names of numbers, up to nine digits, including negative numbers and decimals.  Earlier this week the students took a quiz on this.  I hadn’t told them when it would be coming up, because we wanted to see what they could do without cramming.

Meanwhile, the K-2 classes have been starting to settle in to the school year.  In K we have been learning a few basic words like buenos días, arriba, abajo, as well as answering the questions ¿Cómo te llamas? to help Profe learn our names, and ¿Cómo estás? to tell us how we are feeling.  In 1-2 we have been reviewing these, and playing some games with numbers and colors to review what we learned last year.



This week, the third graders picked Spanish names, and 4th graders helped me pick a vocabulary list, so that we can start looking at the verb tener, which means ´to have,´ as well as clothing and body parts vocabulary.




In K we will continue working on learning Profe Bob’s two important questions, and we will learn the game Zapatito Blanco, which will help us learn to count in Spanish

In 1-2 we will review the two important questions, colors, shapes and numbers before moving on to directions and other units to reinforce students’ interests and classroom content.

In 3-4 we will learn and review Profe Bob’s four important questions, adding ¿Dónde vives? and ¿Cuántos años tienes?  as well as adding the new vocabulary.

In 5-6 we will probably start our look at verb conjugation!  This is one of, if not the hardest thing for most people in Spanish.  I do not expect most 5th and 6th graders to fully understand it, but I teach this unit so that when they move on in foreign language it’s not completely new.

Año nuevo 2015-2016

¡Ya llegamos al curso nuevo!  En estas semanas vamos a empezar con actividades de repaso y otras actividades para conocer a los miembros nuevos de nuestra comunidad.  Dale un vistazo a las páginas para ver lo que hicimos el año pasado para un idea de lo que vamos a hacer este año.

We are ready to start a new school year.  In these first few weeks we will be doing some activities to review and get to know the new members of our community.  Explore the site a little bit to see what we did last year for an idea of what is to come.


¿Qué hacemos en la clase de español estas semanas?

What are we doing in Spanish class these weeks?

Una comida / A Meal

Well, the older students are working with food to practice talking about what they like and dislike in Spanish.   The students helped me compile a list of foods that can be found in the vocabulary sections of this blog.  The first step is that the students will be drawing a meal of foods that they like and a separate meal of foods that the dislike.  They will draw the pictures on a worksheet (a copy can be found above), name the dish(es) they have “prepared” and list some of the important ingredients in the dishes.  The students will use this to share with the class and start conversations.  My plan is to then play some games to encourage the kids to practice the vocabulary of “Me gusta” and “No me gusta.”   The younger grades might leave it there, but the kids who are ready for a more challenging activity will learn how to talk about what other people like and dislike and they older students will start learning about object and subject pronouns as well as a brief preview of verb conjugation and adjective-subject agreement.

Early November updates, Cosas nuevas del principio de noviembre

He subido información sobre los verbos, y como se conjuga los verbos en Thetford 5-6–vocabulary, y también en Newton–vocabulary.

También en todos las listas de vocabulario, menos K-2, hay listas nuevas de comida.


I have added information on how to conjugate verbs in the Thetford 5-6 and Newton vocabulary sections.  There are also food vocabulary lists in each of the vocabulary sections except from K-2.  Please look in those vocabulary sections for the lists that your students and I are working on.


NB The vocabulary lists are quite long.  They were created by the students and for the students.  I do not and will not expect them to learn all, or even close to all, of the vocabulary on the list.  The plan is that they will learn to same some of the important foods, the ones that they and their families like and dislike strongly.